Monday, December 2, 1996
ISSN: 0511-4187; Volume v32; Issue n48
Remarks at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok. (Thailand)(Transcript)
Total number of pages for this article: 4 FULL TEXT
� November 26, 1996
� The President. Thank you very much. Dr. Thienchay, Dr. Kasem, to the
students and faculty who are here, citizens of Thailand, my fellow
Americans. Especially I would like to thank the glee club who sang. They
did a marvelous job. Thank you very much for your music.
learning that is a living memorial to Thailand's glorious past, yet with
a mission focused on the future; an institution that is proudly and
distinctively Asian, yet reaching out to the entire world. And in the
faces of the young people who are in this audience, we all see the
shining promise of tomorrow.
� I thank you for giving me the opportunity to speak here today about
the future of the United States, Thailand, and the entire Asia-Pacific
region we'll share in the 21st century. Three years ago, I took my first
trip overseas as President to Japan and Korea. Now, shortly after my
reelection, again my first trip is to Asia, to Australia, the
Philippines, and Thailand. In Australia, at APEC, in my meetings with
the leaders of China, South Korea, Japan, and your own nation, I have
reaffirmed America's commitment to the Asia-Pacific region. That
commitment is stronger than ever, for in the 21st century America's
future cannot be secure if Asia's future is in doubt.
� I wanted to visit Thailand for quite some time now, but I am
especially glad to be able to join you in this historic year as we
celebrate the life and work of His Majesty the King. The close ties
amity and commerce with the Kingdom of Siam. Those early bonds of
friendship have endured the test of time, anchored by our security
alliance, strengthened through our comradeship in Korea, in Vietnam,
kept sharp and ready through Cobra Gold, the largest exercise involving
United States forces anywhere in Asia.
� Our nations are partners in prosperity as well. We enjoyed some $18
billion in two-way trade last year alone. We've forged important
agreements in civil aviation, the protection of intellectual property,
and the tax treaty I was honored to witness just a few moments ago here
in Bangkok today.
� More than ever, our people are also joined by ties of culture and
community. My country has been strengthened by the contributions of
literally tens of thousands of Americans of Thai descent. And from
Southern California to Houston to New York, our culture has been greatly
enriched by the graceful temples, the ancient traditions, the exotic
flavors of Thailand which now have a home in the United States.
� Now we must deepen our partnership for the demands of the 21st
differences between us, share a common vision, the dream of an
Asia-Pacific region where economic growth and democratic ideals are
advancing steadily and reinforcing one another. That dream is coming
true here in Thailand today, to the benefit of your people, this region,
and the world.
� Consider just how much the world has changed since President Johnson
spoke here at Chula 30 years ago. The cold war is over. ASEAN, born in
the throes of the Vietnam war, last year welcomed Vietnam as its newest
member. Thailand has become an economic powerhouse. The economies of
east Asia are the fastest growing in the world. The new global economy,
spurred on by continuous explosions in information and technology, is
transforming the way we live and work and communicate, collapsing the
distances between us as the free flow of goods and the free flow of
ideas are bringing tremendous opportunities for people throughout the
� Of course, for all its promise, the 21st century will not be free of
peril. Aggressive rogue states, global crime networks and drug
traffickers, weapons proliferation, and terrorism, all these will
continue to menace our security.
� The nations most likely to succeed in this new world, to succeed in
seizing the opportunities and meeting the threats of our time, are those
that respond to the needs and aspirations of their people, promote
commerce and cooperation instead of conflict, and have the openness and
flexibility to harness the winds of change.
� Thailand is proving that proposition every day. Yours has been the
world's fastest growing economy over the last decade. You are laying the
groundwork for an Asia of the future, where ancient cultures are linked
by modern communications; where a vast and diverse region is joined by
values of hard work and enterprise and shared benefits. This benefits
the United States alone with more than 2 million jobs and 40 percent of
our trade now tied to the Asia-Pacific region.
� In the face of this, some have argued that democracy actually hinders
economic growth in this region and in developing nations. But we need
look no further than the economic vitality of Thailand, the Philippines,
Taiwan, South Korea to see that economic growth and democratic
development can go hand in hand. Indeed, in the information-based
advantages. Freedom and democracy strengthen the prospects for strong
and enduring economic progress.
� A wave of democracy has swept the Earth in recent years, from Hungary
to Haiti, to South Africa, to Cambodia, to Mongolia. More than half the
world's people now live under governments of their own choosing, for the
first time in all of human history.
� Here in Thailand, last week's elections were a further milestone in
your democratic journey. As always in elections, there were winners and
there were losers. I can say that; I have been a winner and a loser.
[Laughter] And while losing is not as good as winning, whenever power is
transferred peacefully and democratically, everyone in that nation is a
� The United States is proud to have supported democracy's march across
Asia. We do not seek to impose our vision of the world or any particular
form of government on others. But we do believe that freedom and justice
are the birthright of humankind. The citizens of Thailand, Japan, Hong
Kong, South Korea, the Philippines, Thailand - Taiwan - show us that
climate. The people of Cambodia and Mongolia proved that change is
possible in difficult circumstances. The brave reformers in Burma led by
Aung San Suu Kyi remind us that these desires know no boundaries. Their
aspirations are universal because they are fundamentally human.
� Every nation of the Asia-Pacific must preserve the best of its
traditions while pursuing the benefits of progress. But surely we can
all agree that human dignity and individual worth must never be
undervalued or abused. The United States will continue to stand with
those who stand for freedom in Asia and beyond. Doing so reflects not
only our ideals, it advances our interests. A nation that respects the
rights of its own people is far more likely to respect the rights of its
neighbors, to keep its word, to play by the rules, to be a reliable
partner in diplomacy and trade and in the pursuit of peace and
� It is in that pursuit that the United States will continue to maintain
our strong Pacific presences, with 100,000 American troops to safeguard
our common security. We are reinforcing our five core alliances here,
including our very special alliance with Thailand. We're helping Asia to
be clear: Our presence is not aimed against anyone or any nation. Its
aim is to benefit everyone and every nation through greater security and
stability for all.
� Safeguarding stability, we know now, requires more than military
strength. In a world grown closer, both the rewards of cooperation and
the costs of conflict have risen dramatically. just yesterday we saw a
real result of working together as the APEC leaders, with strong support
from Thailand, enforced early completion of an information technology
agreement which would cut to zero tariffs on products from
semiconductors to software by the year 2000.
� Imagine the benefits to the students in this auditorium and those just
outside and in booming countries the world over as ideas become even
more open and accessible to people, as the information revolution
spreads to even more eager minds. Imagine the even greater benefits
which will come to that one-half of the world's population which,
believe it or not, are still 2 days' walk from the nearest telephone.
They cannot participate in this world we are trying to imagine and
create unless we all join together to spread the benefits of the
information revolution to everyone and to do it now.
� But let us not be blind to the fact that as barriers crumble and
borders blur and progress spreads quickly, so, too, can trouble spread
quickly in this new world. We have only to look at the spread of
environmental degradation, HIV and AIDS, weapons of mass destruction,
terrorism, drug trafficking, the rise of organized crime. These forces
of destruction defy traditional defenses, just as traditional barriers
can no longer keep out ideas, information, and truth. No nation is
immune to the forces of destruction, and none can defeat these threats
� Therefore, we must work together. The United States is working with
Thailand to ease the toll that economic growth has taken on your
environment. Many American environmental companies are working here for
a healthier future not only in Thailand but beyond your borders. Our
Embassy here is our regional headquarters for working on issues like air
pollution and climate change throughout the area. Thailand is helping to
lead the way. Recently you became the first developing nation to ban the
production and import of refrigerators with ozone-destroying CFC's, and
I thank you for that.
epidemic, now spreading faster in Asia than in any other region of the
world. Again, Thailand stands on the very frontlines, setting a strong
example in promoting AIDS prevention. But even with declining rates of
infection, the public health problem is enormous. We in America will do
our part by promoting dramatic increases in research and development of
new drugs. I am happy to say that in our country in the last 4 years the
average life expectancy for those with HIV and AIDS has more than
doubled. We will continue to do our part, but you must continue to work
as only you can here, as well.
� The United States Agency for International Development helped to
launch the Thai Women of Tomorrow Project to assist young women in
finding better prospects than the prostitution that puts their lives at
risk. The First Lady visited that project the day before yesterday when
she traveled to Chiang Mai to see the project started by faculty members
at Chiang Mai University. Of course, this is important to try to turn.
these young women and their families away from destructive life habits.
But as the First Lady has said all over the world, it is not enough to
protect women and girls from those who would exploit them; we must all
every person in every free society can contribute and share in its
� Our cooperation is nowhere more essential than in the fight against
the increasingly interconnected and global forces of organized crime.
For left unchecked, these criminal conglomerates, multinational masters
of the underworld, will distort free economies, derail fragile
democracies, debilitate our societies with corruption and violence and
� Thailand and the United States are close and committed partners in the
fight against drugs. We cannot afford to rest in the struggle, for the
lives of too many millions of our young people are at stake. Thailand is
setting a strong example for other nations. With the help of Their
Majesties, the King and Queen, you have helped to give farmers the
opportunity to give up the cultivation of opium in favor of other more
productive crops. You have drafted money laundering legislation which we
hope will soon be passed. You have helped to deter drug trafficking
through your country by toughening your northern border patrols.
off. In 1994, Operation Tiger Trap dealt a crippling blow to a major
trafficking network in Burma, enabling the arrest of 14 drug kingpins, 2
of whom have now been extradited to the United States. In all your work
in this area, Thailand is sending a clear signal to drug lords: We will
fight you; we are determined to stop you. And America has a clear signal
to Thailand: We will stand with you all the way. On behalf of General
Barry McCaffrey, who leads our Nation's antidrug effort and who is with
me today, and all those children whose lives we are helping to save, I
thank the Thai Government and the people of Thailand for moving away
from the scourge of narcotics.
� We know we must do more to fight illegal drugs at the source. Burma
has long been the world's number one producer of opium and heroin and
now is also making methamphetamines. The role of drugs in Burma's
economic and political life and the regime's refusal to honor its own
pledge to move to multiparty democracy are really two sides of the same
coin, for both represent the absence of the rule of law. Every nation
has an interest in promoting true political dialog in Burma, a dialog
that will lead to a real fight against crime, corruption, and narcotics
and a government more acceptable to its people.
new futures for our children, or working to protect the planet we share,
Thailand and the United States are making our partnership work for our
people, for we both know we have much more to gain from standing
together than by going it alone. And we both appreciate how much can be
achieved when dialog and democracy are the lifeblood of two nations'
relations with each other, when policies are made through consensus, not
coercion, and when people everywhere are given the tools and the chance
to make the most of their own lives.
� Working together, the United States and Thailand can help lead the way
to an Asia-Pacific region in which economic success and greater freedom
advance together and support one another, a region in which growing
opportunity is matched and strengthened by increasing freedom,
stability, and security.
� We still have challenges to meet. We still have opportunities to
seize. We still have much to learn from one another. But I am confident
we will do all these things, because we know that by working together
and working with others we can build a Pacific community based on shared
therefore, to be here today to reaffirm America's enduring engagement in
the Asia-Pacific and our lasting and proud friendship with Thailand.
� Thank you very much.
� [At this point, the degree of Doctor of Economics was conferred upon
� The President. Thank you very much. Let me just briefly say that -
first, to the distinguished officials of the university who voted this
degree, I thank you very much. When I heard the president reading the
degree citation, I have to tell you what I was thinking was I wish that
they had made that available to the voters in my country before the last
election. [Laughter] But I thank him for it very much.
� I understand that in many quarters this great university,
Chulalongkorn, is known as the Harvard of Thailand. Now, I never made it
to Harvard - [laughter] - but if I had to choose, I feel so thoroughly
elevated today in my wonderful robes and with my degree, I prefer to
have been awarded the degree here. And I thank you. I think every time I
will always - at least a part of me will always think of Harvard as the
Chulalongkorn of the United States. [Laughter]
� Thank you very much, and God bless you.
� NOTE: The President spoke at 1:05 p.m. in the auditorium. In his
remarks, he referred to Thienchay Kiranandana, president, and Kasem
Suwannakul, university council chairman, Chulalongkorn University; King
Phumiphon and Queen Sirikit of Thailand; and Burmese opposition leader
Aung San Suu Kyi. A tape was not available for verification of the
content of these remarks.