Monday, June 30, 1997
Vol. 33, No. 26, ISSN: 0511-4187
Message to the Congress on Libya.
� June 26, 1997
� To the Congress of the United States:
� I hereby report to the Congress on the developments since my last
report of January 10, 1997, concerning the national emergency with
respect to Libya that was declared in Executive Order 12543 of January
7, 1986. This report is submitted pursuant to section 401(c) of the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act ("IEEPA"), 50 U.S.C.
1703(c); and section 505(c) of the International Security and
Development Cooperation Act of 1985, 22 U.S.C. 2349aa-9(c).
� 1. As previously reported, on January 2, 1997, I renewed for another
year the national emergency with respect to Libya pursuant to the
IEEPA. This renewal extended the current comprehensive financial and
trade embargo against Libya in effect since 1986. Under these
sanctions, virtually all trade with Libya is prohibited, and all assets
owned or controlled by the Libyan government in the United States or in
the possession or control of U.S. persons are blocked.
� 2. There have been no amendments to the Libyan Sanctions Regulations,
31 C.F.R. Part 550 (the "Regulations"), administered by the Office of
Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the Department of the Treasury, since
my last report on January 10, 1997.
� 3. During the last 6-month period, OFAC reviewed numerous
applications for licenses to authorize transactions under the
Regulations. Consistent with OFAC's ongoing scrutiny of banking
requests by non-Libyan persons or entities to unblock transfers
interdicted because of what appeared to be Government of Libya
interests. Two licenses authorized the provision of legal services to
the Government of Libya in connection with actions in U.S. courts in
which the Government of Libya was named as defendant. Licenses were
also issued authorizing diplomatic and U.S. government transactions and
to permit U.S. companies to engage in transactions with respect to
intellectual property protection in Libya. A total of 75 licenses were
issued during the reporting period.
� 4. During the current 6-month period, OFAC continued to emphasize to
the international banking community in the United States the importance
of identifying and blocking payments made by or on behalf of Libya. The
office worked closely with the banks to assure the effectiveness in
interdiction software systems used to identify such payments. During
the reporting period, more than 100 transactions potentially involving
Libya were interdicted.
� 5. Since my last report, OFAC collected 13 civil monetary penalties
totaling nearly $90,000 for violations of the U.S. sanctions against
funds transferred to Libyan-controlled financial institutions or
commercial entities in Libya. Three U.S. corporations paid the OFAC
penalties for export violations as part of the global plea agreements
with the Department of Justice. Sixty-seven other cases are in active
� 6. Various enforcement actions carried over from previous reporting
periods have continued to be aggressively pursued. Numerous
investigations are ongoing and new reports of violations are being
� 7. The expenses incurred by the Federal Government in the 6-month
period from January 7 through July 6, 1997, that are directly
attributable to the exercise of the powers and authorities conferred by
the declaration of the Libyan national emergency are estimated at
approximately $660,000.00. Personnel costs were largely centered in the
Department of the Treasury (particularly in the Office of Foreign
Assets Control, the Office of the General Counsel, and the U.S. Customs
Service), the Department of State, and the Department of Commerce.
to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security
and foreign policy of the United States. In adopting United Nations
Security Council Resolution 883 in November 1993, the Security Council
determined that the continued failure of the Government of Libya to
demonstrate by concrete actions its renunciation of terrorism, and in
particular its continued failure to respond fully and effectively to
the requests and decisions of the Security Council in Resolutions 731
and 748, concerning the bombing of the Pan Am 103 and UTA 772 flights,
constituted a threat to international peace and security. The United
States will continue to coordinate its comprehensive sanctions
enforcement efforts with those of other U.N. member states. We remain
determined to ensure that the perpetrators of the terrorist acts
against Pan Am 103 and UTA 772 are brought to justice. The families of
the victims in the murderous Lockerbie bombing and other acts of Libyan
terrorism deserve nothing less. I shall continue to exercise the powers
at my disposal to apply economic sanctions against Libya fully and
effectively, so long as those measures are appropriate, and will
continue to report periodically to the Congress on significant
developments as required by law.
� William J. Clinton
� The White House, June 26, 1997.
� NOTE: This message was released by the Office of the Press Secretary
on June 27.