Monday, June 12, 2000
Volume 36, Issue 23; ISSN: 0511-4187
Proclamation 7318--Establishment of the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument
William J Clinton
� Proclamation 7318-Establishment of the Cascade-Siskiyou National
� June 9, 2000
� By the President of the United States of America
� With towering fir forests, sunlit oak groves, wildflower-strewn
meadows, and steep canyons, the Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument
is an ecological wonder, with biological diversity unmatched in the
Cascade Range. This rich enclave of natural resources is a
biological crossroads-the interface of the Cascade, Klamath, and
Siskiyou ecoregions, in an area of unique geology, biology, climate,
� The monument is home to a spectacular variety of rare and beautiful
species of plants and animals, whose survival in this region depends
upon its continued ecological integrity. Plant communities present a
rich mosaic of grass and shrublands, Garry and California black oak
woodlands, juniper scablands, mixed conifer and white fir forests,
and wet meadows. Stream bottoms support broadleaf deciduous riparian
trees and shrubs. Special plant communities include rosaceous
chaparral and oak juniper woodlands. The monument also contains many
rare and endemic plants, such as Greene's Mariposa lily, Gentner's
fritillary, and Bellinger's meadowfoam.
of the highest diversities of butterfly species in the United
States. The Jenny Creek portion of the monument is a significant
center of fresh water snail diversity, and is home to three endemic
fish species, including a long-isolated stock of redband trout. The
monument contains important populationsof small mammals, reptile
and amphibian species, and ungulates, including important winter
habitat for deer. It also contains old growth habitat crucial to the
threatened Northern spotted owl and numerous other bird species such
as the western bluebird, the western meadowlark, the pileated
woodpecker, the flammulated owl, and the pygmy nuthatch.
� The monument's geology contributes substantially to its spectacular
biological diversity. The majority of the monument is within the
Cascade Mountain Range. The western edge of the monument lies within
the older Klamath Mountain geologic province. The dynamic plate
tectonics of the area, and the mixing of igneous, metamorphic, and
sedimentary geological formations, have resulted in diverse
lithologies and soils. Along with periods of geological isolation
and a range of environmental conditions, the complex geologic
vegetative and biological richness seen today.
� One of the most striking features of the Western Cascades in this
area is Pilot Rock, located near the southern boundary of the
monument. The rock is a volcanic plug, a remnant of a feeder vent
left after a volcano eroded away, leaving an outstanding example of
the inside of a volcano. Pilot Rock has sheer, vertical basalt faces
up to 400 feet above the talus slope at its base, with classic
columnar jointing created by the cooling of its andesite
� The Siskiyou Pass in the southwest corner of the monument contains
portions of the Oregon/California Trail, the region's main
north/south travel route first established by Native Americans in
prehistoric times, and used by Peter Skene Ogden in his 1827
exploration for the Hudson's Bay Company.
� Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431),
authorizes the President, in his discretion, to declare by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric
that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the
Government of the United States to be national monuments, and to
reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in
all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the
proper care and management of the objects to be protected.
� Whereas it appears that it would be in the public interest to
reserve such lands as a national monument to be known as the
Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument:
� Now, Therefore, I, William J. Clinton, President of the United
States of America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the
Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431), do proclaim that
there are hereby set apart and reserved as the Cascade-- Siskiyou
National Monument, for the purpose of protecting the objects
identified above, all lands and interests in lands owned or
controlled by the United States within the boundaries of the area
described on the map entitled "Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument"
attached to and forming a part of this proclamation. The Federal
land and interests in land reserved consist of approximately 52,000
and management of the objects to be protected.
� All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of
this monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms
of entry, location, selection, sale, or leasing or other disposition
under the public land laws, including but not limited to withdrawal
from location, entry, and patent under the mining laws, and from
disposition under all laws relating to mineral and geothermal
leasing, other than by exchange that furthers the protective
purposes of the monument.
� There is hereby reserved, as of the date of this proclamation and
subject to valid existing rights, a quantity of water sufficient to
fulfill the purposes for which this monument is established. Nothing
in this reservation shall be construed as a relinquishment or
reduction of any water use or rights reserved or appropriated by the
United States on or before the date of this proclamation.
� The commercial harvest of timber or other vegetative material is
prohibited, except when part of an authorized science-based
growth enhancement objectives. Any such project must be consistent
with the purposes of this proclamation. No portion of the monument
shall be considered to be suited for timber production, and no part
of the monument shall be used in a calculation or provision of a
sustained yield of timber. Removal of trees from within the monument
area may take place only if clearly needed for ecological
restoration and maintenance or public safety.
� For the purpose of protecting the objects identified above, the
Secretary of the Interior shall prohibit all motorized and
mechanized vehicle use off road and shall close the Schoheim Road,
except for emergency or authorized administrative purposes.
� Lands and interests in lands within the proposed monument not owned
by the United States shall be reserved as a part of the monument
upon acquisition of title thereto by the United States.
� The Secretary of the Interior shall manage the monument through the
Bureau of Land Management, pursuant to applicable legal authorities
(including, where applicable, the Act of August 28, 1937, as amended
� The Secretary of the Interior shall prepare, within 3 years of this
date, a management plan for this monument, and shall promulgate such
regulations for its management as he deems appropriate. The
management plan shall include appropriate transportation planning
that addresses the actions, including road closures or travel
restrictions, necessary to protect the objects identified in this
� The Secretary of the Interior shall study the impacts of livestock
grazing on the objects of biological interest in the monument with
specific attention to sustaining the natural ecosystem dynamics.
Existing authorized permits or leases may continue with appropriate
terms and conditions under existing laws and regulations. Should
grazing be found incompatible with protecting the objects of
biological interest, the Secretary shall retire the grazing
allotments pursuant to the processes of applicable law. Should
grazing permits or leases be relinquished by existing holders, the
Secretary shall not reallocate the forage available under such
specifically finds, pending the outcome of the study, that such
reallocation will advance the purposes of the proclamation.
� The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing
� Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish
the jurisdiction of the State of Oregon with respect to fish and
� Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the national
monument shall be the dominant reservation.
� Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to
appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument
and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
� In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this ninth day of
June, in the year of our Lord two thousand, and of the Independence
of the United States of America the two hundred and twenty-fourth.
� William J. Clinton
� [Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 10:47 a.m., June
� NOTE: This proclamation will be published in the Federal Register
on June 13.