Monday, January 22, 2001
Volume 37, Issue 3; ISSN: 0511-4187
Proclamation 7402--establishment of the Governors Island National Monument
William J Clinton
� Proclamation 7402-Establishment of the Governors Island National
� January 20, 2001
By the President of the United States of America
� On the north tip of Governors Island, between the confluence of the
Hudson and Eastern Rivers, Governors Island National Monument served
as an outpost to protect New York City from sea attack. The
monument, part of a larger 1985 National Historic Landmark District
designation, contains two important historical objects, Castle
William and Fort Jay. Between 1806 and 1811, these fortifications
were constructed as part of the First and Second American Systems of
Coastal Fortification. Castle William and Fort Jay represent two of
the finest types of defensive structures in use from the Renaissance
to the American Civil War. The monument also played important roles
in the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and World Wars I and II.
� The fortifications in the monument were built on the most strategic
defensive positions on the island. Fort Jay, constructed between
1806 and 1809, is on the highest point of the island from which its
glacis originally sloped down to the waterfront on all sides. Castle
William, constructed between 1807 and 1811, occupies a rocky
promontory as close as possible to the harbor channels and served as
New York Harbor. The monument also includes a number of associated
historical buildings constructed as part of the garrison post in the
early part of the 19th century.
� Governors Island has been managed by the U.S. Army and the U.S.
Coast Guard over the past 200 years. With the site no longer
required for military or Coast Guard purposes, it provides an
excellent opportunity for the public to observe and understand the
harbor history, its defense, and its ecology.
� Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431),
authorizes the President, in his discretion, to declare by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric
structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest
that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the
Government of the United States to be national monuments, and to
reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in
all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the
proper care and management of the objects to be protected.
reserve such lands as the Governors Island National Monument:
� Now, Therefore, I, William J. Clinton, President of the United
States of America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the
Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431), do proclaim that
there are hereby set apart and reserved as the Governors Island
National Monument for the purpose of protecting the objects
identified above, all lands and interests in lands owned or
controlled by the United States within the boundaries of the area
described on the map entitled "Governors Islands National Monument"
attached to and forming a part of this proclamation. The Federal
land and interests in land reserved consist of approximately 20
acres, which is the smallest area compatible with the proper care
and management of the objects to be protected.
� Subject to existing law, including Public Law No. 105-33, Title IX,
section 9101(a), 111 Stat. 670 (Aug. 5, 1997), all Federal lands and
interests in lands within the boundaries of this monument are hereby
appropriated and withdrawn from all forms of entry, location,
selection, sale, or leasing or other disposition under the public
entry, and patent under the minning laws, and from disposition under
all laws relating to mineral and geothermal leasing.
� The Secretary of the Interior ("Secretary'), acting through the
National Park Service, shall manage the monument in consultation
with the Administrator of General Services, consistent with the
purpose and provisions of this proclamation.
� For the purpose of preserving, restoring, and enhancing the public
visitation and appreciation of the monument, the Secretary, acting
through the National Park Service, shall prepare, in consultation
with the Administrator of General Services, a management plan for
the monument within 3 years of this date. Further, to the extent
authorized by law, the Secretary, acting through the National Park
Service, shall promulgate, in consultation with the Administrator of
General Services, regulations for the proper care and management of
the objects identified above.
� The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however, the national
monument shall be the dominant reservation.
� Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to
appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument
and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
� In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this nineteenth day
of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand one, and of the
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and
� William J. Clinton
� [Filed with the Office of the Federal Register, 8:45 a.m., January
� NOTE: This proclamation will be published in the Federal Register
on January 25.