Monday, January 22, 2001
Volume 37, Issue 3; ISSN: 0511-4187
Proclamation 7395--establishment of the Minidoka Internment National Monument
William J Clinton
� January 17,2001
� By the President of the United States of America
� A Proclamation
irreplaceable historical resource which protects historic structures
and objects that provide opportunities for public education and
interpretation of an important chapter in American history-the
internment of Japanese Americans during World War II.
� On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed
Executive Order 9066, authorizing the Secretary of War and military
commanders to designate military areas from which "any or all
persons may be excluded" and to "provide for residents of any such
area who are excluded therefrom, such transportation, food, shelter,
and other accommodations as may be necessary."
� Starting in early 1942, military authorities began designating
military exclusion areas in the States of California, Washington,
Oregon, and Arizona, and the territory of Alaska. Following the
signing of Executive Order 9066, American citizens and resident
aliens of Japanese ancestry living in the designated exclusion areas
were ordered to evacuate their homes and businesses and report to
temporary assembly centers located at fairgrounds, horse racetracks,
and other makeshift facilities.
President Roosevelt established the War Relocation Authority (WRA)
in March 1942. The WRA oversaw the construction of ten relocation
centers on Federally owned lands in remote areas of six western
States and Arkansas, including the Minidoka Relocation Center in
Idaho. Alaskan Native residents of the Aleutian and Pribiloff
Islands and members of other ethnic and religious groups were also
relocated or interned during the course of the war.
� Established in August 1942, the Minidoka Relocation Center, also
known as the Hunt Site, was located on Federal lands in Jerome
County, in south central Idaho. During its operation from August
1942 to October 1945, the population reached a peak of 9,397
Japanese Americans from Washington State, Oregon, and Alaska. The
Center included over 33,000 acres of land with administrative and
residential facilities located on approximately 950 acres. The
Center had more than 600 buildings including administrative,
religious, residential, educational, mess, medical, manufacturing,
warehouse, security, and other structures.
Internees were housed in crude barracks and cramped quarters, and
they shared communal facilities. Internees engaged in irrigated
agriculture, livestock production, and light manufacturing to
produce food and garments for the camp. Approximately 1,000
internees from Minidoka served in the U.S. military. Fiftyfour
Japanese American servicemen from Mini oka were killed in action.
� Section 2 of the Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, 16 U.S.C. 431),
authorizes the President, in his discretion, to declare by public
proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric
structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest
that are situated upon lands owned or controlled by the Government
of the United Stated to be national monuments, and to reserve as a
part thereof parcels of lands, the limits of which in all cases
shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with the proper
care and management of the objects to be protected.
� Whereas it appears that it would be in the public interest to
reserve such lands as a national monument to be known as the
Minidoka Internment National Monument:
States of America, by the authority vested in me by section 2 of the
Act of June 8, 1906 (34 Stat. 225, U.S.C. 431), do proclaim that
there are hereby set apart and reserved as the Minidoka Internment
National Monument for the purpose of protecting the historic
structures and objects of historic interest contained therein, all
lands and interests in lands owned or controlled by the United
States within the boundaries of the area described on the map
entitled "Minidoka Internment National Monument" attached to and
forming a part of this proclamation. The Federal lands and interests
in land reserved consist of approximately 72.75 acres, which is the
smallest area compatible with the proper care and management of the
structures and objects to be protected.
� All Federal lands and interests in lands within the boundaries of
this monument are hereby appropriated and withdrawn from all forms
of entry, location, selection, sale, or leasing or other disposition
under the public land or other Federal laws, including but not
limited to withdrawal from location, entry, and patent under the
mining laws, and from disposition under all laws relating to mineral
and geothermal leasing.
� The Secretary of the Interior, pursuant to legal authorities, shall
manage the monument and shall transfer administration of the
monument to the National Park Service to implement the purposes of
� To carry out the purposes of this proclamation and to interpret the
relocation and internment of Japanese Americans during World War II,
the Secretary of the Interior, through the National Park Service,
shall prepare a management plan for the monument within 3 years of
� This proclamation does not reserve water as a matter of Federal law
nor relinquish any water rights held by the Federal Government
existing on this date. The Secretary shall work with appropriate
State authorities to ensure that any water resources needed for
monument purposes are available.
� The establishment of this monument is subject to valid existing
rights, provided that nothing in this proclamation shall interfere
extent that any such activities, that are not valid existing rights,
are consistent with the purposes of the proclamation.
� Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to enlarge or diminish
the rights of any Indian tribe.
� Nothing in this proclamation shall be deemed to revoke any existing
withdrawal, reservation, or appropriation; however the national
monument shall be the dominant reservation.
� Warning is hereby given to all unauthorized persons not to
appropriate, injure, destroy, or remove any feature of this monument
and not to locate or settle upon any of the lands thereof.
� In Witness Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand this seventeenth
day of January, in the year of our Lord two thousand one, and of the
Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and
� William J. Clinton
� NOTE: This proclamation was published in the Federal Register on